Forbidden Music Regained


Leo Smit Stichting
Search this site

Explore scores and sound samples

Composers persecuted in WWII

During the Second World War, many composers were persecuted by the Nazi’s, because they either had a Jewish background or refused to comply with Nazi rules. Their music was banned from all public performance. The Leo Smit Foundation, founded in 1996, is committed to regain this music.

In more than 200 concerts, we’ve brought to life music that was lost and forgotten. With this website, we share with musicians, programmers and music lovers worldwide what we’ve found, starting with music from composers who lived and worked in the Netherlands.

Here you can search for composers, works for various instrumentations or vocal repertoire. Find scores, look at manuscripts and listen to sound samples.

featured composer

Nico Richter

Nico Richter (1915 - 1945)

Almost all Nico Richter’s surviving compositions date from his student days. Most of them are ultrashort, inspired by Webern and Berg. As a student of medicine, he directed the student orchestra MUSA. He joined the resistance, was arrested in 1942 and sent to work in successive concentration camps. A physical wreck, he dictated his final composition on his deathbed just after liberation. His talent never reached full maturity. by Dr. Julia Muller-van Santen   more

new additions

  • December 10, 2018
    Leo Smit

    Deux hommages

    Hommage à Sherlock Holmes Hommage à Remington
  • November 4, 2018
    Lamento pour alto et piano
    Max Vredenburg

    Lamento pour alto et piano

    à la mémoire de ma soeur Elsa - Amsterdam, 1952
  • October 15, 2018
    Concert voor Piano met orkestbegeleiding
    Sem Dresden

    Concert voor Piano met orkestbegeleiding

    Concerto for piano with orchestral accompaniment Allegro molto e deciso Poco andantino Allegro con spirito Piano reduction: NMI 047/046b   Instrumentation of the concerto for piano accompanied by string quartet and oboe Instrumentation Nov-Dec. 1945 Scheveningen July-Aug 1946

Read about composers

Biographies in English, written by specialist authors and experienced researchers.

Search compositions

Browse through work lists or search by instrumentation, duration or genre. Find published scores, manuscripts and sound samples.

Find recordings

Recording information is linked to composers’ biographies as well as to individual compositions.